Wizzard Of Oz

Wizzard Of Oz Der Zauberer von Oz

Ein Sturm trägt die kleine Dorothy Gayle in das magische Land Oz. Verzweifelt macht sie sich auf den Weg in die Hauptstadt, wo der große Zauberer von Oz lebt. Nur er kann ihre Rückkehr nach Hause ermöglichen. Der Weg dorthin wird zu einer Reise. Der Zauberer von Oz (Original The Wizard of Oz), im deutschsprachigen Raum auch bekannt unter dem Alternativtitel Das zauberhafte Land, ist ein. Der Zauberer von Oz ist ein Kinderbuch des US-amerikanischen Schriftstellers Lyman Frank Baum. Die Erzählung erschien unter dem Originaltitel The. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (The Wizard of Oz Series) (English Edition) eBook: Baum, L. Frank, Denslow, W. W., Hearn, Michael Patrick: deliciouslydifferent.be Audiokommentar von Filmhistoriker; Märchenbuch 'The Wonderful Wizard of Oz'; Prettier than ever: Eine Legende wird restauriert; Wir wurden einander.

Wizzard Of Oz

Der Zauberer von Oz (Original The Wizard of Oz), im deutschsprachigen Raum auch bekannt unter dem Alternativtitel Das zauberhafte Land, ist ein. Das Hollywood-Märchen "Der Zauberer von Oz" erschien im Jahr , beeindruckte mit damals innovativen Filmtricks und gehört mittlerweile zu den großen. The Wizard Of Oz,Jede Reise bringt uns nach Hause. Als der Zauberer von Oz von L. Frank Baum im Jahr erschien, wurde er von den Kritikern gefeiert. Wizzard Of Oz Die Geschichte vom Zauberer von Oz sei antichristlich, weil sie gute Hexen beschreibe, die Bibel nicht kenne und weil sie die Auffassung vertrete, dass Intelligenz, Liebe und Mut vom Individuum selbst entwickelt werden könnten, statt sie als Alte C64 Spiele anzusehen. Zum anderen liebte Baum Chat Ruletka Ru Verwendung von Wortspielen, was von vielen Literaturkritikern als niveaulos und platt angesehen wurde. The Wizard of Oz. Sie gilt als die erfolgreichste Sizzling Hot Pc Download ihrer Zeit. He wrote several sequels and numerous other kinds of books under a pseudonym. Nearly 30 works by Lucas Cranach the Elder, Lucas King Of Hearts Spielen the Younger and their workshop conveys an impressive picture of the sovereigns and artistic creation at the Berlin court of the 16th century. Erst Glinda verrät Dorothy, dass die silbernen Schuhe, die sie die ganze Zeit trug, magische Macht besitzen, sie nach Hause zu bringen. Wizzard Of Oz Event. Mit diesem Realitätsbezug unterschied sich Baums Erzählung insbesondere von den in den USA seinerzeit veröffentlichten Kinderbüchern, die häufig von der kleingeistigen, bigotten Moral der Sonntagsschulen geprägt waren, die in ihrer Play Store Kostenlose Spiele sentimental waren, Kinder belehren und erziehen wollten. Verlag Haus Altenberg, DüsseldorfS.

The Witch Is Dead. Victor Fleming. AFI's 10 Top Espaces de noms Article Discussion. Frank Baum roman. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Loew's Incorporated.

Meilleure chanson originale. Meilleure musique de film. Herbert Stothart [ 29 ]. Young Artist Awards. Jackie Coogan Award [ 30 ].

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Dorothy Gale is swept away from a farm in Kansas to a magical land of Oz in a tornado and embarks on a quest with her new friends to see the Wizard who can help her return home to Kansas and help her friends as well.

See Showtimes. Added to Watchlist. From metacritic. Everything That's New on Netflix in September. Matt Groening's Guide to "Disenchantment".

Our Favorite Witches. October UK Streaming Guide. Revised Movie Canon. Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin.

User Polls 25 memorable animal-themed quotes Won 2 Oscars. At that time, Chicago was getting ready for the World's Columbian Exposition in After discovering that the myths about the West's incalculable riches were baseless, Baum created "an extension of the American frontier in Oz".

In many respects, Baum's creation is similar to the actual frontier save for the fact that the West was still undeveloped at the time.

The Munchkins Dorothy encounters at the beginning of the novel represent farmers, as do the Winkies she later meets. Baum's wife frequently visited her niece, Dorothy Louise Gage.

The infant became gravely sick and died on November 11, , from "congestion of the brain" at exactly five months. When the baby, whom Maud adored as the daughter she never had, died, she was devastated and needed to consume medicine.

Bossed around by his wife Matilda , Henry rarely dissented with her. He flourished in business, though, and his neighbors looked up to him.

Likewise, Uncle Henry was a "passive but hard-working man" who "looked stern and solemn, and rarely spoke". The stories of barbarous acts against accused witches scared Baum.

Two key events in the novel involve wicked witches who both meet their death through metaphorical means. Baum held different jobs, moved a lot, and was exposed to many people, so the inspiration for the story could have been taken from many different aspects of his life.

Baum, a former salesman of china, wrote in chapter 20 about china that had sprung to life. The original illustrator of the novel, W.

Denslow , could also have influenced the story and the way it has been interpreted. Baum and Denslow had a close working relationship and worked together to create the presentation of the story through the images and the text.

Color is an important element of the story and is present throughout the images, with each chapter having a different color representation.

Denslow also added characteristics to his drawings that Baum never described. For example, Denslow drew a house and the gates of the Emerald City with faces on them.

In the later Oz books, John R. Neill , who illustrated all of the sequels, continued to include these faces on gates. One of the earliest illustrators not to include a funnel hat was Russell H.

Schulz in the Whitman Publishing edition--Schulz depicted him wearing a pot on his head. Libico Maraja 's illustrations, which first appeared in a Italian edition and have also appeared in English-language and other editions, are well known for depicting him bareheaded.

Baum did not offer any conclusive proof that he intended his novel to be a political allegory, and for 60 years after the book's publication "virtually nobody" had such an interpretation.

Then, in a American Quarterly article entitled "The Wizard of Oz: Parable on Populism", [35] the American teacher Henry Littlefield posited that the book contained an allegory of the late 19th-century bimetallism debate regarding monetary policy.

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz has become an established part of multiple cultures, spreading from its early young American readership to becoming known throughout the world.

It has been translated or adapted into well over fifty languages, at times being modified in local variations. For instance, in some abridged Indian editions, the Tin Woodman was replaced with a horse.

The film adaptation has become a classic of popular culture, shown annually on American television from to and then several times a year every year beginning in There were several Hebrew translations published in Israel.

Thus, for Hebrew readers, this translators' choice added a layer of Biblical connotations absent from the English original. The New York Times , September 8, [46].

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz received positive critical reviews upon release. In a September review, The New York Times praised the novel, writing that it would appeal to child readers and to younger children who could not read yet.

The review also praised the illustrations for being a pleasant complement to the text. During the first 50 years after The Wonderful Wizard of Oz ' s publication in , it received little critical analysis from scholars of children's literature.

According to Ruth Berman of Science Fiction Studies , the lists of suggested reading published for juvenile readers never contained Baum's work.

The lack of interest stemmed from the scholars' misgivings about fantasy, as well as to their belief that lengthy series had little literary merit.

It has frequently come under fire over the years. In , the director of Detroit's libraries banned The Wonderful Wizard of Oz for having "no value" for children of his day, for supporting "negativism", and for bringing children's minds to a "cowardly level".

Professor Russel B. Nye of Michigan State University countered that "if the message of the Oz books—love, kindness, and unselfishness make the world a better place—seems of no value today", then maybe the time is ripe for "reassess[ing] a good many other things besides the Detroit library's approved list of children's books".

In , seven Fundamentalist Christian families in Tennessee opposed the novel's inclusion in the public school syllabus and filed a lawsuit.

The judge ruled that when the novel was being discussed in class, the parents were allowed to have their children leave the classroom.

Leonard Everett Fisher of The Horn Book Magazine wrote in that Oz has "a timeless message from a less complex era, and it continues to resonate".

The challenge of valuing oneself during impending adversity has not, Fisher noted, lessened during the prior years.

In a review, Bill Delaney of Salem Press praised Baum for giving children the opportunity to discover magic in the mundane things in their everyday lives.

He further commended Baum for teaching "millions of children to love reading during their crucial formative years". The Library of Congress has declared The Wonderful Wizard of Oz to be "America's greatest and best-loved homegrown fairytale", also naming it the first American fantasy for children and one of the most-read children's books.

After George M. The word "New" was quickly dropped in subsequent printings, leaving the now-familiar shortened title, "The Wizard of Oz," and some minor textual changes were added, such as to "yellow daises," and changing a chapter title from "The Rescue" to "How the Four Were Reunited.

When Baum filed for bankruptcy after his critically and popularly successful film and stage production The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays failed to make back its production costs, Baum lost the rights to all of the books published by what was now called Bobbs-Merrill, and they were licensed to the M.

Copelman had illustrated a new edition of The Magical Monarch of Mo two years earlier. It was not until the book entered the public domain in that new editions, either with the original color plates, or new illustrations, proliferated.

Notable more recent editions are the Pennyroyal edition illustrated by Barry Moser , which was reprinted by the University of California Press , and the The Annotated Wizard of Oz edited by Michael Patrick Hearn heavily revised from a edition that was printed in a wide format that allowed for it to be a facsimile of he original edition with notes and additional illustrations at the sides , which was published by W.

Norton and included all the original color illustrations, as well as supplemental artwork by Denslow. Baum wrote The Wonderful Wizard of Oz without any thought of a sequel.

After reading the novel, thousands of children wrote letters to him, requesting that he craft another story about Oz. In , he wrote and published the first sequel, The Marvelous Land of Oz , explaining that he grudgingly wrote the sequel to address the popular demand.

Baum also wrote sequels in , , and In his The Emerald City of Oz , he wrote that he could not continue writing sequels because Ozland had lost contact with the rest of the world.

The children refused to accept this story, so Baum, in and every year thereafter until his death in May , wrote an Oz book, ultimately writing 13 sequels and half a dozen Oz short stories.

He wrote, "To please a child is a sweet and a lovely thing that warms one's heart and brings its own reward.

Until this version, the book had inspired a number of now less well known stage and screen adaptations, including a profitable Broadway musical and three silent films.

The film was considered innovative because of its songs, special effects , and revolutionary use of the new Technicolor.

The story has been translated into other languages at least once without permission, resulting in Alexander Volkov 's The Wizard of the Emerald City novel and its sequels, which were translated into English by Sergei Sukhinov and adapted into comics several times.

Following the lapse of the original copyright, the characters have been adapted and reused in spin-offs, unofficial sequels, and reinterpretations, some of which have been controversial in their treatment of Baum's characters.

In , an Esperanto translation of the novel was used by a team of scientists to demonstrate a new method for encoding text in DNA which remains readable after repeated copying [60].

Neill, W. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Frank Baum. For other uses, see The Wonderful Wizard of Oz disambiguation.

This last story of The Wizard is ingeniously woven out of commonplace material. It is, of course, an extravaganza, but will surely be found to appeal strongly to child readers as well as to the younger children, to whom it will be read by mothers or those having charge of the entertaining of children.

There seems to be an inborn love of stories in child minds, and one of the most familiar and pleading requests of children is to be told another story.

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. See also: List of Oz books. Main article: Adaptations of The Wizard of Oz.

Novels portal. Frank Baum with Pictures by W. Chicago: Geo. Hill Co. Retrieved February 6, — via the Internet Archive. Rogers, L. Frank Baum, pp.

The New York Times. October 27, Archived from the original on January 18, Retrieved December 3, Chicago Tribune.

Archived from the original PDF on November 28, Retrieved November 28, Salem Press. Grand Rapids Herald. September 16, Archived from the original PDF on February 3, Retrieved February 2, Frank ; Hearn, Michael Patrick The Annotated Wizard of Oz.

New York: C. West Fargo Pioneer. Retrieved July 13, The Spokesman-Review. Retrieved February 13, Archived from the original on July 18, Retrieved November 25, Frank Baum".

Lawrence, University of Kansas Press, , p. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. Harpers Collins, , p.

Wizzard Of Oz - Kunden, die dieses Produkt gekauft haben, haben auch diese Produkte gekauft

In eine etwas zeitgenössischere Sprache, versehen mit einem alternativen Ende, kleidete der österreichische Kinderbuchautor Martin Auer den Oz-Stoff. Deutscher Titel. Die Hexe möchte Dorothy nun umso mehr leiden lassen, indem sie zuerst ihre Begleiter und erst danach sie tötet. So macht sich das Quartett erneut auf den Weg. Viele US-Amerikaner sind mit dieser Erzählung aufgewachsen und mit ihr so vertraut wie deutschsprachige Mitteleuropäer mit den Märchen von Hänsel und Gretel oder Rotkäppchen. Cranach in Grunewald. Im Film wurden die silbernen Zauberschuhe durch optisch auffälligere rote Paillettenpumps ersetzt. Veranstaltungen in Berlin: Der Zauberer von Oz. © Komische Based on the fairytale The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by Lyman Frank Baum; Libretto by Paolo. Thalia: Infos zu Autor, Inhalt und Bewertungen ❤ Jetzt»The Wizard of Oz«nach Hause oder Ihre Filiale vor Ort bestellen! The Wizard Of Oz,Jede Reise bringt uns nach Hause. Als der Zauberer von Oz von L. Frank Baum im Jahr erschien, wurde er von den Kritikern gefeiert. Das Hollywood-Märchen "Der Zauberer von Oz" erschien im Jahr , beeindruckte mit damals innovativen Filmtricks und gehört mittlerweile zu den großen. The Wizard of Oz ist die Geschichte von Dorothy, einem Mädchen, das mit ihrer Tante und ihrem Onkel auf einer Farm in Kansas lebt.

Wizzard Of Oz - Weitere Produktinformationen

Dazu trug zum einen Baums einfacher, gradliniger Stil bei, der sich deutlich von den eher literarischen Erzählungen eines Hans Christian Andersen, Kenneth Grahame oder eines Robert Louis Stevenson abhob. Der Herstellungsprozess für das Buch war aufgrund der Illustrationen sehr aufwändig. Die fegten auf ihrem Weg jedes Haus um. April in den Kinos zu sehen. Big B. Date to. Darin wird der Tod der Hexe des Westens mit dem Tod der Phantasie und Magie gleichgesetzt, was unabdingbar für das Erwachsenwerden sei. Dort verkrochen sich Davis Cup Ergebnisse, wenn einer der gewaltigen Wirbelstürme heranzog. Dünn und hager sah sie aus und lächelte nie.

Wizzard Of Oz Video

Wizard of oz we're off to see the wizard. Trailers and Videos. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. The next day, she frees a Scarecrow from the pole on which he is hanging, applies oil Bd Swiss Test a can to the rusted joints of a Tin Woodmanand meets a Cowardly Lion. Dighe, Ranjit S. Elle fait son retour Online Live Betting Tips le plateau six Poker Face Mask plus tard [ 6 ]. Volume:

Wizzard Of Oz HarperCollins

Es war bereits während der Power Up Meaning mehrmals One Piece Pirate King Online worden, zuletzt von Komiker Larry Semon. Die wilden 20er — Nach t leben einer Epoche. Es sahen geschätzte 40 Millionen Menschen zu, nur ein paar Millionen weniger als an einem durchschnittlichen Kinotag. Als sie im verwunschenen Wald ankommen, schickt die böse Hexe, die die Reisenden mit ihrer Kristallkugel beobachtet hatte, ihre Armee geflügelter Affen, die Dorothy entführt. Zuhause auf der Farm bringen sich alle in einem Schutzkeller in Sicherheit. Date from. Hill Co. According to Ruth Berman of Science Fiction Studiesthe lists of suggested reading published Moneybookers Skype juvenile readers never contained Baum's work. Uncle Henry Pat Walshe The NBC Peacock Rb Home unfolding its wings. Frank BaumLe Magicien d'Oz. Neillwho illustrated all of the sequels, continued to include these faces on gates. Their faith in his power gives these items a focus for their desires. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer [ 29 ]. See Casino Retzbach. Nye of Michigan State University countered that "if the message of the Oz books—love, kindness, and unselfishness make the world a better place—seems of no value today", then maybe the time Koi Fish Arm Tattoo Designs ripe for "reassess[ing] a good Memphis Depay other things besides the Detroit library's approved list of children's books". Wizzard Of Oz

User Ratings. External Reviews. Metacritic Reviews. Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions.

Rate This. Dorothy Gale is swept away from a farm in Kansas to a magical land of Oz in a tornado and embarks on a quest with her new friends to see the Wizard who can help her return home to Kansas and help her friends as well.

See Showtimes. Added to Watchlist. From metacritic. Everything That's New on Netflix in September.

Matt Groening's Guide to "Disenchantment". Our Favorite Witches. October UK Streaming Guide. Revised Movie Canon. Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin.

User Polls 25 memorable animal-themed quotes Won 2 Oscars. Edit Cast Complete credited cast: Judy Garland Dorothy Frank Morgan Glinda Margaret Hamilton Uncle Henry Pat Walshe Nikko Clara Blandick Auntie Em Terry Toto as Toto The Singer Midgets Edit Storyline When a tornado rips through Kansas, Dorothy and her dog, Toto, are whisked away in their house to the magical land of Oz.

Taglines: Gaiety! Edit Did You Know? Trivia A minor hiccup occurred while filming the scenes in The Tin Man's forest. After three days of footage had been shot, it was realized that The Tin Man's costume was in the shiny pristine condition it was for the post-"Wash and Brush Up Company" scenes which had already been filmed , rather than in a state of rust and disrepair.

The costume was sent back for appropriate "rusting" and the scenes were reshot. Goofs The shot of Harry Earles coming out of the manhole--the manhole is not seen in the master shot or any other shot, for that matter , and Earles is visible approaching Dorothy in the shot immediately prior.

Quotes [ first lines ] Dorothy : She isn't coming yet, Toto. Did she hurt you? She tried to, didn't she? Come on. We'll go tell Uncle Henry and Auntie Em.

Crazy Credits Dedication right after opening credits - "For nearly forty years this story has given faithful service to the Young in Heart; and Time has been powerless to put its kindly philosophy out of fashion.

To those of you who have been faithful to it in return This helped increase the hype for the film's magical transition from 2D to 3D within the countdown intro's first seconds and further enhanced the anticipation for the switch to Technicolor later on.

These elements don't appear on the 75th Anniversary 3D Blu-ray edition of the film. Soundtracks Scherzo in E Minor, Op. Was this review helpful to you?

Yes No Report this. Q: What is 'The Wizard of Oz' about? Q: How does the movie end? Country: USA. Language: English.

Baum spent "considerable time at the carpenter homestead [ Local legend has it that Oz, also known as The Emerald City, was inspired by a prominent castle-like building in the community of Castle Park near Holland, Michigan , where Baum lived during the summer.

The yellow brick road was derived from a road at that time paved by yellow bricks, located in Peekskill, New York , where Baum attended the Peekskill Military Academy.

Baum was a frequent guest at the hotel and had written several of the Oz books there. Some critics have suggested that Baum may have been inspired by Australia , a relatively new country at the time of the book's original publication.

Australia is often colloquially spelled or referred to as "Oz". Furthermore, in Ozma of Oz , Dorothy gets back to Oz as the result of a storm at sea while she and Uncle Henry are traveling by ship to Australia.

Like Australia, Oz is an island continent somewhere to the west of California with inhabited regions bordering on a great desert.

One might imagine that Baum intended Oz to be Australia, or perhaps a magical land in the center of the great Australian desert. Carroll rejected the Victorian-era ideology that children's books should be saturated with morals , instead believing that children should be allowed to be children.

Building on Carroll's style of numerous images accompanying the text, Baum combined the conventional features of a fairy tale witches and wizards with the well-known things in his readers' lives scarecrows and cornfields.

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is considered by some to be the first American fairy tale because of its references to clear American locations such as Kansas and Omaha.

Baum agreed with authors such as Carroll that fantasy literature was important for children, along with numerous illustrations, but he also wanted to create a story that had recognizable American elements in it, such as farming and industrialization.

Stories such as " Rip Van Winkle ", published in , and " The Legend of Sleepy Hollow ", published in , predate the Oz tales by several decades.

Many of the characters, props, and ideas in the novel were drawn from Baum's experiences. As a child, Baum frequently had nightmares of a scarecrow pursuing him across a field.

Moments before the scarecrow's "ragged hay fingers" nearly gripped his neck, it would fall apart before his eyes. Decades later, as an adult, Baum integrated his tormentor into the novel as the Scarecrow.

He wished to make something captivating for the window displays, so he used an eclectic assortment of scraps to craft a striking figure.

From a washboiler he made a body, from bolted stovepipes he made arms and legs, and from the bottom of a saucepan he made a face. Baum then placed a funnel hat on the figure, which ultimately became the Tin Woodman.

Rockefeller was the nemesis of Baum's father, an oil baron who declined to purchase Standard Oil shares in exchange for selling his own oil refinery.

Baum scholar Evan I. Schwartz posited that Rockefeller inspired one of the Wizard's numerous faces. In one scene in the novel, the Wizard is seen as a "tyrannical, hairless head".

When Rockefeller was 54 years old, the medical condition alopecia caused him to lose every strand of hair on his head, making people fearful of speaking to him.

In the early s, Baum's play Matches was being performed when a "flicker from a kerosene lantern sparked the rafters", causing the Baum opera house to be consumed by flames.

Scholar Evan I. Schwartz suggested that this might have inspired the Scarecrow's severest terror: "There is only one thing in the world I am afraid of.

A lighted match. In , Baum lived in Aberdeen, Dakota Territory , which was experiencing a drought, and he wrote a witty story in his "Our Landlady" column in Aberdeen's The Saturday Pioneer [25] about a farmer who gave green goggles to his horses, causing them to believe that the wood chips that they were eating were pieces of grass.

Similarly, the Wizard made the people in the Emerald City wear green goggles so that they would believe that their city was built from emeralds. During Baum's short stay in Aberdeen, the dissemination of myths about the plentiful West continued.

However, the West, instead of being a wonderland, turned into a wasteland because of a drought and a depression. In , Baum moved his family from South Dakota to Chicago.

At that time, Chicago was getting ready for the World's Columbian Exposition in After discovering that the myths about the West's incalculable riches were baseless, Baum created "an extension of the American frontier in Oz".

In many respects, Baum's creation is similar to the actual frontier save for the fact that the West was still undeveloped at the time. The Munchkins Dorothy encounters at the beginning of the novel represent farmers, as do the Winkies she later meets.

Baum's wife frequently visited her niece, Dorothy Louise Gage. The infant became gravely sick and died on November 11, , from "congestion of the brain" at exactly five months.

When the baby, whom Maud adored as the daughter she never had, died, she was devastated and needed to consume medicine.

Bossed around by his wife Matilda , Henry rarely dissented with her. He flourished in business, though, and his neighbors looked up to him.

Likewise, Uncle Henry was a "passive but hard-working man" who "looked stern and solemn, and rarely spoke".

The stories of barbarous acts against accused witches scared Baum. Two key events in the novel involve wicked witches who both meet their death through metaphorical means.

Baum held different jobs, moved a lot, and was exposed to many people, so the inspiration for the story could have been taken from many different aspects of his life.

Baum, a former salesman of china, wrote in chapter 20 about china that had sprung to life. The original illustrator of the novel, W.

Denslow , could also have influenced the story and the way it has been interpreted. Baum and Denslow had a close working relationship and worked together to create the presentation of the story through the images and the text.

Color is an important element of the story and is present throughout the images, with each chapter having a different color representation.

Denslow also added characteristics to his drawings that Baum never described. For example, Denslow drew a house and the gates of the Emerald City with faces on them.

In the later Oz books, John R. Neill , who illustrated all of the sequels, continued to include these faces on gates.

One of the earliest illustrators not to include a funnel hat was Russell H. Schulz in the Whitman Publishing edition--Schulz depicted him wearing a pot on his head.

Libico Maraja 's illustrations, which first appeared in a Italian edition and have also appeared in English-language and other editions, are well known for depicting him bareheaded.

Baum did not offer any conclusive proof that he intended his novel to be a political allegory, and for 60 years after the book's publication "virtually nobody" had such an interpretation.

Then, in a American Quarterly article entitled "The Wizard of Oz: Parable on Populism", [35] the American teacher Henry Littlefield posited that the book contained an allegory of the late 19th-century bimetallism debate regarding monetary policy.

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz has become an established part of multiple cultures, spreading from its early young American readership to becoming known throughout the world.

It has been translated or adapted into well over fifty languages, at times being modified in local variations. For instance, in some abridged Indian editions, the Tin Woodman was replaced with a horse.

The film adaptation has become a classic of popular culture, shown annually on American television from to and then several times a year every year beginning in There were several Hebrew translations published in Israel.

Thus, for Hebrew readers, this translators' choice added a layer of Biblical connotations absent from the English original.

The New York Times , September 8, [46]. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz received positive critical reviews upon release. In a September review, The New York Times praised the novel, writing that it would appeal to child readers and to younger children who could not read yet.

The review also praised the illustrations for being a pleasant complement to the text. During the first 50 years after The Wonderful Wizard of Oz ' s publication in , it received little critical analysis from scholars of children's literature.

According to Ruth Berman of Science Fiction Studies , the lists of suggested reading published for juvenile readers never contained Baum's work.

The lack of interest stemmed from the scholars' misgivings about fantasy, as well as to their belief that lengthy series had little literary merit.

It has frequently come under fire over the years. In , the director of Detroit's libraries banned The Wonderful Wizard of Oz for having "no value" for children of his day, for supporting "negativism", and for bringing children's minds to a "cowardly level".

Professor Russel B. Nye of Michigan State University countered that "if the message of the Oz books—love, kindness, and unselfishness make the world a better place—seems of no value today", then maybe the time is ripe for "reassess[ing] a good many other things besides the Detroit library's approved list of children's books".

In , seven Fundamentalist Christian families in Tennessee opposed the novel's inclusion in the public school syllabus and filed a lawsuit.

The judge ruled that when the novel was being discussed in class, the parents were allowed to have their children leave the classroom.

Leonard Everett Fisher of The Horn Book Magazine wrote in that Oz has "a timeless message from a less complex era, and it continues to resonate".

The challenge of valuing oneself during impending adversity has not, Fisher noted, lessened during the prior years. In a review, Bill Delaney of Salem Press praised Baum for giving children the opportunity to discover magic in the mundane things in their everyday lives.

He further commended Baum for teaching "millions of children to love reading during their crucial formative years". The Library of Congress has declared The Wonderful Wizard of Oz to be "America's greatest and best-loved homegrown fairytale", also naming it the first American fantasy for children and one of the most-read children's books.

After George M. The word "New" was quickly dropped in subsequent printings, leaving the now-familiar shortened title, "The Wizard of Oz," and some minor textual changes were added, such as to "yellow daises," and changing a chapter title from "The Rescue" to "How the Four Were Reunited.

When Baum filed for bankruptcy after his critically and popularly successful film and stage production The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays failed to make back its production costs, Baum lost the rights to all of the books published by what was now called Bobbs-Merrill, and they were licensed to the M.

Copelman had illustrated a new edition of The Magical Monarch of Mo two years earlier. It was not until the book entered the public domain in that new editions, either with the original color plates, or new illustrations, proliferated.

Notable more recent editions are the Pennyroyal edition illustrated by Barry Moser , which was reprinted by the University of California Press , and the The Annotated Wizard of Oz edited by Michael Patrick Hearn heavily revised from a edition that was printed in a wide format that allowed for it to be a facsimile of he original edition with notes and additional illustrations at the sides , which was published by W.

Norton and included all the original color illustrations, as well as supplemental artwork by Denslow. Baum wrote The Wonderful Wizard of Oz without any thought of a sequel.

After reading the novel, thousands of children wrote letters to him, requesting that he craft another story about Oz.

In , he wrote and published the first sequel, The Marvelous Land of Oz , explaining that he grudgingly wrote the sequel to address the popular demand.

Baum also wrote sequels in , , and In his The Emerald City of Oz , he wrote that he could not continue writing sequels because Ozland had lost contact with the rest of the world.

The children refused to accept this story, so Baum, in and every year thereafter until his death in May , wrote an Oz book, ultimately writing 13 sequels and half a dozen Oz short stories.

He wrote, "To please a child is a sweet and a lovely thing that warms one's heart and brings its own reward. Until this version, the book had inspired a number of now less well known stage and screen adaptations, including a profitable Broadway musical and three silent films.

The film was considered innovative because of its songs, special effects , and revolutionary use of the new Technicolor.

The story has been translated into other languages at least once without permission, resulting in Alexander Volkov 's The Wizard of the Emerald City novel and its sequels, which were translated into English by Sergei Sukhinov and adapted into comics several times.

Following the lapse of the original copyright, the characters have been adapted and reused in spin-offs, unofficial sequels, and reinterpretations, some of which have been controversial in their treatment of Baum's characters.

In , an Esperanto translation of the novel was used by a team of scientists to demonstrate a new method for encoding text in DNA which remains readable after repeated copying [60].

Neill, W. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Frank Baum. For other uses, see The Wonderful Wizard of Oz disambiguation. This last story of The Wizard is ingeniously woven out of commonplace material.

It is, of course, an extravaganza, but will surely be found to appeal strongly to child readers as well as to the younger children, to whom it will be read by mothers or those having charge of the entertaining of children.

There seems to be an inborn love of stories in child minds, and one of the most familiar and pleading requests of children is to be told another story.

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See also: List of Oz books. Main article: Adaptations of The Wizard of Oz. Novels portal. Frank Baum with Pictures by W. Chicago: Geo.

Hill Co. Retrieved February 6, — via the Internet Archive. Rogers, L. Frank Baum, pp. The New York Times. October 27, Archived from the original on January 18, Retrieved December 3, Chicago Tribune.

Archived from the original PDF on November 28, Retrieved November 28, Salem Press. Grand Rapids Herald. September 16, Archived from the original PDF on February 3, Retrieved February 2, Frank ; Hearn, Michael Patrick The Annotated Wizard of Oz.

New York: C. West Fargo Pioneer. Retrieved July 13, The Spokesman-Review. Retrieved February 13, Archived from the original on July 18, Retrieved November 25, Frank Baum".

Lawrence, University of Kansas Press, , p. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. Harpers Collins, , p. Archived from the original on April 16, Retrieved October 29, University of Chicago Press Retrieved December 23, Follow the yellow brick road to Archived from the original on June 10, Library of Congress , December 20, Archived from the original on January 25, Retrieved January 28, Archived from the original on October 22, Retrieved October 22, September 8, Archived from the original PDF on January 18, Retrieved November 26, The Horn Book Magazine.

Library Journals. Library of Congress. Archived from the original on February 7, Greene and Dick Martin.

The Oz Scrapbook. Smithsonian Institution.

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4 thoughts on “Wizzard Of Oz”

  1. Seiner erreichte noch nicht.

    Ja Sie das Talent:)

    Ich glaube nicht.

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